In the last review of the IUCN Red List of endangered species, 700 new species have been added to the 3 endangerment categories.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species was established in 1963 and is one of the most complete lists of the world on the global conservation status of several species of plants, animals, fungi and protists. In its latest review, in June 2015, new 700 species were added to the three most endangerment categories (“endanger “, “critically endangered” and “possibly extinct”).
In Africa, the lion (Panthera leo), despite keeping the globally “vulnerable” status is now considered “critically endangered” in West Africa. Illegal hunting and the use of lion bones for traditional medicine are largely responsible for the decline of this big cat. In the list of threats, the illegal persecution and the introduction of invasive species are responsible for 85% of cases of threat to the species, explains the IUCN.
But there is not just bad news! The conservation work carried out with the Iberian lynx in Portugal and Spain, is one of the most remarkable success stories, as the Iberian lynx ceased to be regarded internationally as the most endangered feline in the world (“critically endangered”) and is now classified as “in danger”. Although there is still the possibility of disappearing from the planet he went down a level in the warning range due to the conservation efforts of the last decade. This case give us some hope to reverse the situation of other species, through the implementation of appropriate conservation projects.
Anabela Paula, Wildlife Biologist