World Environment Day

World Environment Day: connecting people to nature - in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator.

Currently, the environment has been facing several disturbances, most of them anthropogenic, that result in environmental changes. The environment is formed by a set of: physical, chemical biological and social components, from which Humans and other living beings depend. The changes occurring in the environment represent this way a threat to the development and well-being of both Humans and nature.

The human actions that lead to the air pollution, ecosystems and biodiversity loss are one of the greatest threats to environmental stability, because they cause environmental degradation and reduce the capacity of ecosystems to provide services, making the society increasingly vulnerable to natural hazards.

Climate change is a threat associated with human actions and is considered one of the most complex environmental problems that is highlighted in the agendas all over the world. Since the industrial revolution, climate change has been one of the main causes of the changes in the natural processes: such as wind dynamics and precipitation, occurrence of cyclones, occurrence of droughts and floods, accelerated extinction of species, increased desertification, population migration and others that are summarized in environmental degradation.

In the beginning of the twentieth century, that we thought that the environment was an inexhaustible source of services, due to that we never gave the given importance to this subject. However, with the globalization started a new reflection phase about the environment. After the second half of the twentieth century, when the environmental degradation starts to become a worrisome phenomenon, it was the time when the environmental problems became an huge concern and this subject took part in the debates worldwide.

In 1972, during the Stockholm Conference which had theme the environment, on 15th of December of the same year, the United Nations for Environment Program (PNUMA) was approved. The main objective was to promote the conscientious use of resources in context of sustainable development and conservation of the Planet.

The World Environmental Day is celebrated on 5 June of each year since 1972. This date was established together with PNUMA during Stockholm Conference by United Nations General Assembly with the objective to increase the world conscience about challenges that the environment is subjected to ensure the future of the planet.

In 2017, this date is celebrated with the theme: “Connecting People to Nature – in the city and on the land, from the poles to the equator”.


Sources

Fanni, Z., Hosayni, Z., Afsharmanesh, H., Nezammahalleh, M. A., & Rastegar, A. The Effects of Urban Environment on Climate Changes, Case study: Tehran, Iran. Journal of Tethys: Vol1(2), 138-147.

Warner, K., Hamza, M., Oliver-Smith, A., Renaud, F., & Julca, A. (2010). Climate change, environmental degradation and migration. Natural Hazards55(3), 689-715.

Barros, A. R., Vaz, A.C & Cardoso, L (2013) manual sobre ambiente e conservação. Programa de formação avançada para ANEs – Formaçoes técnicas

Andrade, J. C. S., & Costa, P. (2008). Mudança climática, Protocolo de Kyoto e mercado de créditos de carbono: desafios à governança ambiental global. Organizações & Sociedade15(45), 29-45.

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