During the celebratrion of the World Environment Day, MITADER has launched the "Bioagradável Campaign" to reduce the use of plastic bags. Read here about the importance of this issue.
One of the largest problems in terms of pollution has to do with plastic. This product is used in industrial, medical or packaging of food and shopping. However, the reduced rate of degradation and improper management of plastic waste promoted its dispersion the environment where it breaks into small pieces – microplastic (<5mm), which accumulates particularly in marine environments.
In addition to the visual pollution, plastics cause several types of problems: health (as they may enter the food chain), economic (cause damage to fishing gear or aquaculture, with repercussions on tourism and beach cleaning) and ecological (they are confused by food and ingested by turtles, fish or birds – have a look at this alarming video).
A study undertaken by the Faculty of Sciences and Technology, of the New University of Lisbon, between 2010 and 2014 in 11 coastal beaches of continental Portugal shows a predominance of plastic materials in 97% of the collected samples, of which 27% are plastic fragments and waste bags.
The use of disposable plastic bags has been increasing significantly worldwide. Due to its fragility, the lightweight bags are difficult to reuse, are considered short-term packaging (use
In 2014, the European Parliament called for the European Union to define measures to reduce plastic waste in the environment, specifically in marine debris, and a proposal aiming to reduce the use of lightweight plastic bags by 50% by 2017 and 80% by 2019 was approved.
Mozambique has recently followed this example and MITADER (Ministry of Lands Forestry and Rural Development) has launched an unprecedented campaign to reduce the use of plastic bags. The “Bioagradável campaign”, which sensitizes Mozambican citizens to use fewer plastic bags and use reusable bags.
Civil society had also been organizing in this case by “Operation Caco” to promote the cleaning of beaches, sensitizing citizens to the problems of pollution and the effect it has on the lives of Mozambicans and ecosystems they inhabit.
There is no doubt that these are extremely important steps to reduce the pollution of our beaches, rivers and communities.
See more information on the problem of plastic bags here.