Species of the week

Read more about this amphibian with a particular snout, the Mozambique rain frog

Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Brevicipitidae
Gender: Breviceps
Species: Breviceps mossambicus
Status: Least concern
Diet: Feed mainly of invertebrates
Size: Female can reach 55mm and male 22mm.


Physical description

The Mozambique rain frog (Breviceps mossambicus), also known as the flat-faced frog is a sturdy animal, stout with short legs and a blunt snout. The dorsal color is variable, in dark brown till almost black. They have a black band below and behind the eye, and the lips and the area around the nostrils are clear. It doesn’t jump, moving by running and when it digs, do it in a reverse way.

Habitat

In dry weather the Mozambique rain frog conceals itself under rocks or in hidden places among tree roots. Its active only during a short period after the beginning of rainy season. After substantial rainfall, swarms of winged termites occur and these frogs emerge in large numbers to feed on them. It breeds by direct development, and is not associated with water.distribuica_sapo_mocambique

Reproduction

The male is much smaller than the female and therefore can’t hold her like most frog species. For this reason they have special glands in the stomach that produce a substance that stick to the female during mating and even when this is the pit and nest where the eggs are laid. The eggs develop directly in small frogs.

Distribution

This species ranges from northeastern Tanzania south to the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, through southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa. Outside South Africa, the distribution of the species is poorly known especially in Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo

Habitat

It is found in a variety of habitats including open woodland and grassland, and mountain slopes, generally in moister areas. It breeds by direct development, and is not associated with water.

Conservation status

Because it has a wide range, occurs in a variety of habitats and is able to move to new locations if disturbed in its original habitat. Plus, it occurs in many protected areas and is not facing any significant threats.


Source

Pictures